sábado, novembro 27, 2010
quarta-feira, novembro 24, 2010
terça-feira, novembro 23, 2010
Cesar Estrada Chavez (March 31, 1927 - April 23, 1993) was a Mexican-American labor leader who used non-violent methods to fight for the rights of migrant farm workers in the southwestern USA. Migrant farm workers are people who do farm labor, moving from farm to farm and from town to town as their work is needed - it is difficult work that pays very little and can be dangerous due to the use of pesticides (pesticides are chemicals that kill bugs and can make people sick).
Chavez founded a group that advocates for the rights of farm workers, acting to increase wages and improve the working conditions and safety of farm workers. He also organized strikes (when workers refuse to work until improved working conditions and salary demands are met) and nation-wide boycotts of agricultural products in order to help workers (a boycott is a protest in which the public is asked not to buy certain products). Chavez went on many hunger strikes, refusing to eat until violence against strikers ended and until legislators (law makers) voted to make laws improving the lives of farm workers. He was also jailed many times during his fight against terrible migrant worker conditions.
immigrated from Mexico.
His parents, Librado and Juana, owned a farm and store. The family lost the farm when Cesar was 10 years old (during the Great Depression), and became migrant farm workers. As a youth, Cesar worked part-time in the farm fields with his family in Arizona and California as they moved from farm to farm, harvesting the fields. After graduating from 8th grade, Cesar started working full-time in the fields to help support his family (this was necessary because his father, Librado, had been injured in a car accident).
Cesar served in the US Navy during World War 2. When Cesar Chavez returned from the war, he labored as a farm worker in California. Chavez married Helen Fabela in 1948; they eventually had 8 children and 31 grandchildren.
Early Social Activism - Sí, Se Puede (Yes, it can be done):
Chavez and his wife taught Mexican immigrants to read and organized voting registration drives for new US citizens. Chavez was greatly influenced by the peaceful philosophy of St. Francis of Assisi and Mohandas Gandhi. He joined the Community Service Organization, an organization that worked for the rights of farm workers.
continue a consultar http://www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/hispanicamerican/chavez/
segunda-feira, novembro 22, 2010
domingo, novembro 21, 2010
Segundo a publicação, Jane lidera a lista por seu trabalho em defesa do voto feminino e pelos direitos trabalhistas das mulheres, assim como por sua atitude como pacifista.
Na sequência aparecem, respectivamente, Corazón Aquino, ex-presidente das Filipinas, e a bióloga americana Rachel Carson, fundamental para o início do movimento ecológico.
Em quarta está a estilista francesa Coco Chanel, e, em quinta, a cozinheira americana Julia Child. Completam os dez primeiros lugares a ex-primeira-dama americana e atual secretária de Estado Hillary Clinton, a cientista polonesa Marie Curie, a cantora americana Aretha Franklin, a política indiana Indira Gandhi e a americana Estée Lauder, criadora da empresa cosmética que leva o seu nome.
Figuram na lista ainda a cantora Madonna (11ª), a política israelense Golda Meir (13ª), e a atual chanceler alemã, Angela Merkel (14ª).
Nos cinco últimos lugares da relação são citadas a empresária americana Martha Stewart, madre Teresa de Calcutá, a ex-primeira-ministra britânica Margaret Thatcher, a apresentadora de televisão Oprah Winfrey e a escritora inglesa Virgínia Woolf.